New research indicates that there could be more than meets the eye when it comes to childhood behavioral and temperament issues. It’s been shown that gut health may play a significant role in the onset of behavioral problems in young children.
Past research has shown that the microbiome and the gut-brain axis contribute to health in a variety of ways, such as influencing the onset of allergies, obesity and inflammatory bowel diseases — and now, scientific evidence indicates that the microbes inhabiting the intestines can play a substantial role in behavior, to boot.
The developing brain and the microbiome
During the first few years of a child’s life, it’s estimated that between 700 and 1,000 new connections between neurons — or synapses — form every single second. But after this period of tremendous growth, the number of synapses is reduced through a process known as “pruning.” Special immune cells in the brain, known as microglia, break down some of these newly formed synapses. This pruning process allows the remaining synapses to become stronger and more efficient, and it’s considered essential for normal postnatal development.
Ultimately, the child’s environmental conditions, experiences and interactions have a substantial impact on what synapses are preserved. Those connections that are activated consistently will be maintained, while those that are not used are pruned away.
Does the internal environment of the intestines play a role in these connections as well?
And what would happen if microbes were removed from this process entirely? That’s what German researchers wanted to know. By using germ-free mice, they were able to determine that the absence of an intestinal microbiome prompted abnormal microglia function. Mice raised without a microbiome experienced abnormal development of their central nervous systems, compared to conventional mice with microbes.
The researchers questioned if microbial metabolites could have played a part in this phenomenon. As Chris Kresser explains, “The gut microbiota are constantly processing fermentable fibers from the diet and producing a wide range of metabolic end products, including short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs). SCFAs are known to be absorbed into circulation and influence host physiology by binding to free fatty acid receptors (FFARs) on cells throughout the body.”
This inspired the researchers to create mice that lacked FFAR2. They found that these specialized mice exhibited similar abnormalities of the microglia seen in the germ-free mice. Due to their findings, the research team concluded that microbial metabolites are essential for the microglia to mature and function properly.
Microbiome and temperament
Researchers from Ohio State University have also found that the microbiome plays a significant role in childhood development. In a study of 77 toddlers, scientists discovered that the abundance and diversity of microbial populations in the gut appeared to impact behavior — and the effect was most noticeable in boys. This correlation persisted even after the researchers controlled for other factors like diet, method of childbirth and breastfeeding, which are all known to impact microbial populations.
Lisa Christian, Ph.D., a researcher with Ohio State’s Institute for Behavioral Medicine Research, commented, “There is substantial evidence that intestinal bacteria interact with stress hormones- the same hormones that have been implicated in chronic illnesses like obesity and asthma.”
Christian says that a toddler’s temperament gives them a good idea of how they react to stress, and posits that when combined with an analysis of the microbiome, this information could help them identify opportunities to prevent chronic illnesses.
Communication between the brain and gut
The team also discovered that children with the most diverse microbial populations exhibited behaviors indicative of positive mood, curiosity, sociability, and impulsivity more frequently. The researchers believe that there is definitely some kind of communication between the brain and the gut.
In boys, extroverted behavior was associated with an abundance of microbes from the Rikenellaceae and Ruminococcaceae families and Dialister and Parabacteroides genera. However, in girls, an abundance of Rikenellaceae family microbes was actually associated with more fearful behaviors compared to those with a more balanced microbial population. Overall, less diversity of gut bacteria seemed to promote more focused attention, “cuddliness” and “self-restraint” in girls.
While it is not yet known if this relationship is merely casual or more involved, the researchers posited that there is a connection between the microbiome and the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis. The HPA axis has been an area of significant interest when it comes to temperament. Studies have indicated that changes in the function of the HPA axis are linked to changes in temperament. For example, research has shown that germ-free mice exhibit a much more exaggerated HPA response compared to mice with microbes.
If microbes impact the function of the HPA axis, in this way they could also play a role in temperament.
Breakfast, blood sugar, & inflammation
Recent research has shown that Inflammation is responsible for 7 out of 10 Deaths in the United States. But it doesn’t have to be the same way for you.
In fact, in a fairly short amount of time, you could start to experience better sleep…less stomach issues…more energy and stamina…less muscle and joint pain…a drop in weight…lower stress levels…and much, much more!
Learn how to Prevent—Even Reverse—Most Major Diseases by “Turning Off” Inflammation!
Did you know that one of the best times to stretch is right before bed? However…
What stretches should you do? Here’s a 1-minute stretch routine you can do before bed...
Lisa, Yoga Coach
eatlocalgrown / wisemindhealthybody
...easy, 3-minute exercise that completely cured his horrendous snoring! We can both finally sleep!
Today is a good day. Tonight will be even better. Why?
Because you're about to learn easy throat exercises that cure (not just treated) your stubborn snoring – in 3 minutes – starting TONIGHT!
...even if straps, sprays and even torturing CPAP masks have failed you in the past.
Most people heal their snoring in just a few minutes per day using these powerful throat exercises. And they're so easy, you can do them, regardless of your age or physical shape.
Use them anytime, anywhere... even while stuck in traffic or watching TV.
Plus the results are permanent!
Did you know that your bodyfat can become "calorie-resistant"?
True. And it's completely unaffected by even the strictest diets... and most intense exercises.
However, there's good news- Calorie-resistant bodyfat can be now removed...
It's a little-known, calorie-burning hormone we all have... just waiting for the right spark to come alive. It's not thyroid, leptin, ghrelin, insulin, adiponectin, HGH or any other "fat loss" hormone you may know. Read more to find out precisely how to unleash its calorie-burning power:
To your health!
PS - Studies show that it can also reduce your risk of diabetes by 53.7%, a heart attack by 83.3% and stroke by 51.4%. Here's more of the scientific proof...
I bet you can’t guess which muscle in your body is the #1 muscle that eliminates joint and back pain, anxiety and looking fat. This “hidden survival muscle” in your body will boost your energy levels, immune system, sexual function, strength and athletic performance when unlocked.
If this “hidden” most powerful primal muscle is healthy, we are healthy.
d) Hip Flexors
Take the quiz above and see if you got the correct answer!
In April, 2009, researchers stunned the medical community when they reported chronic inflammation as the root cause of several major diseases.
See, every year 610,000 people in the U.S. die of heart disease. Cancer claims another 584,000...stroke 130,000...Alzheimer's disease nearly 85,000 — and the list goes on.
Truth is, we now know... chronic inflammation is responsible for 7 out of the top 10 leading causes of death in the United States! Hundreds of studies and scientific reviews prove it.
Fortunately, newer research shows you can prevent-even reverse-most major diseases by "turning off" inflammation. And in our new book, we show you how to do just that.
If you or a loved one is suffering from a debilitating condition-and you"re not sure what the culprit is-now's the time to find out...while you can still do something about it!
--> Grab your FREE copy of this groundbreaking soft cover book today (while supplies still last.)
Over the past year, my friend Dave over at PaleoHacks has been working on a super secret cookbook project with our good friend Peter Servold a Le Cordon Bleu trained Chef and owner of Pete's Paleo...
And today, this new incredible Paleo Cookbook is finally available to be shipped right to your door for FREE!
The cookbook is called Paleo Eats, and it's filled with over 80 chef created, insanely tasty Paleo recipes which means they are free from gluten, soy, dairy, and refined sugar.
Get your FREE copy of Paleo Eats Here. (Grab this today, because they only ordered a small batch of these cookbooks for this freebie promotion, and they will sell out FAST!)
Sponsored Health Resources
In the years that I've been working on this website project I've come across some amazing resources by some very special people. I'd like to share them with you here.
NOTE: I update these links often so please check back to see what's new!
1) Everyone knows green smoothies are healthy right? Have you heard of a “red” smoothie? If not, check out this story…
2) Forget what you've read about 10-day lemonade cleanses, 7-day detoxes with green juices and Gwyneth's gruel. All you need to do, and this is perfect for Saturday or or anytime really, is a simple 1-day cleanse.
3) This “hidden survival muscle” in your body will boost your energy levels, immune system, sexual function, strength and athletic performance when unlocked.
4) I thought it was virtually impossible for a website to be able to tell me anything even a little bit insightful after only submitting my name and date of birth... I was wrong!
5) Turmeric is amazing. The problem is - It's hard to absorb!
6) Wonder why your stomach still sticks out even though you're hammering the core exercises every day? It's a common myth that bulging belly is due to weak abdominal muscles.
7) Even if you're the most active of athletes, you may still suffer from tight hip flexors due to the amount of time you spend each day planted to a chair.
Enjoy! Let me know how these work out for you. And if you run across anything I've missed please let me know.