2. What is a bruise?
In the skin, bruising can be seen as a reddish-purple discoloration that does not blanch when pressed upon. This discoloration leads to the classic “black and blue” appearance. When a bruise fades, it becomes green and brown as the body metabolizes the blood cells and bilirubin pigment in the skin. A bruise can sometimes be associated with a temporary raised area in the skin and is usually associated with some tenderness. A bruise is best treated with local application of a cold pack immediately after injury.
A bruise is medically termed a contusion. Bruises are typically a result of some degree of injury to the blood vessels in the skin. Easy bruising may be a result of a seemingly insignificant compression of skin or there may be no skin injury recollected.
The most common possible diagnoses for unexplained bruising are injuries the patient doesn’t remember. It’s not uncommon at all for an individual to suffer some minor bump during the day and forget about it ever happening. There are common causes and even simple ways to address them.